Nutrition and Cancer

Dublin Core

Title

Nutrition and Cancer

Subject

Nutrition

Description

Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) may have beneficial clinical and immune-modulating effects in surgical patients. In a randomized, double-blind, prospective, placebo-controlled trial, 148 patients referred for elective colorectal cancer surgery received an n-3 FA-enriched oral nutritional supplement (ONS) providing 2.0 g of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 1.0 g of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) per day or a standard ONS for seven days before surgery. On the day of operation, there was a significant increase in the production of leukotriene B5 (LTB5) (p < 0.01) and 5-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid (5-HEPE) (p < 0.01), a significant decrease in the production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) (p < 0.01) and a trend for a decrease in the production of 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) (p < 0.1) from stimulated neutrophils in the active group compared with controls. There was no association between LTB4 values and postoperative complications. In conclusion, oral n-3 FA exerts anti-inflammatory effects in surgical patients, without reducing the risk of postoperative complications.

Creator

Vera C. Mazurak (Ed.)

Source

https://www.mdpi.com/books/pdfview/book/644

Publisher

MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

Date

2018

Contributor

Baihaqi

Rights

Creative Commons

Format

Ebooks/PDF

Language

English

Type

Textbooks

Files

Collection

Citation

Vera C. Mazurak (Ed.), “Nutrition and Cancer,” Open Educational Resource (OER) - USK Library, accessed July 19, 2024, http://uilis.usk.ac.id/oer/items/show/3085.

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