A typical cervical vertebra has a small body, a bifid spinous process, transverse processes that have a transverse foramen and are curved for spinal nerve passage. The atlas (C1 vertebra) does not have a body or spinous process. It consists of an anterior and a posterior arch and elongated transverse processes. The axis (C2 vertebra) has the upward projecting dens, which articulates with the anterior arch of the atlas.
Cut Rita Zahara
“Cervical Vertebrae,” Open Educational Resource (OER) - USK Library, accessed November 30, 2023, http://uilis.usk.ac.id/oer/items/show/1070.