Introduction to Probability
Introduction to Probability
Probability
Mathematical Probability
Mathematics
Math
Probability theory began in seventeenth century France when the two great French mathematicians, Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat, corresponded over two problems from games of chance. Problems like those Pascal and Fermat solved continued to inﬂuence such early researchers as Huygens, Bernoulli, and DeMoivre in establishing a mathematical theory of probability. Today, probability theory is a wellestablished
branch of mathematics that ﬁnds applications in every area of scholarly activity from music to physics, and in daily experience from weather prediction to predicting the risks of new medical treatments.
Charles M. Grinstead
J. Laurie Snell
http://www.dartmouth.edu/~chance/teaching_aids/books_articles/probability_book/amsbook.mac.pdf
Swarthmore College
Rahmah Agustira
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